Penguasaan Kalimat Efektif sebagai Kunci Peningkatan Keterampilan Menulis Eksposisi

Dinari Oktaria, NFN Andayani, Kundharu Saddhono

Abstract


Writing is the highest form of culture to record brilliant ideas of the academics.
Such writing be done in exposition texts. Mastering effective sentences as an element
of scientific language can improve the exposition writing skill. This article aims to
determine the relationship between the mastery of effective sentences and the skill of
writing exposition texts. This research was conducted in SMA Negeri 5 Surakarta.
The method used is correlational survey method. The study population was all of X
grade students in SMAN 5 Surakarta, as many as 120 people, taken by proportional
random sampling. Instruments for collecting data is a test of skill to write text
exposition, effective sentences mastery tests, and writing activeness questionnaires.
The data were analyzed using statistical technique of regression and correlation The
result showed that there is a positive correlation between the mastery of effective
sentences and the writing activeness along with the skill to write exposition text
(ry1=0,57 at the real level of α=0,05 and N=120, rt=0,177, dan t1=7,45˃tt= 1,645).
Based on the results it is concluded that both the mastery of effective sentences and
the activeness of writing give a significant contribution (34.81%) in the skills of
writing exposition text. It shows that these two variables can be a good predictor for
the skill of writing exposition text.

 

 

Abstrak
Menulis merupakan budaya peradaban tertinggi untuk mencatat gagasan cemerlang
para akademisi. Hal itu dapat dilakukan dalam kegiatan menulis eksposisi.
Penguasaan kalimat efektif sebagai unsur bahasa ilmiah dapat meningkatkan
keterampilan menulis eksposisi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan
penguasaan kalimat efektif dengan keterampilan menulis teks eksposisi. Penelitian

ini dilaksanakan di SMA Negeri 5 Surakarta. Metode penelitian yang digunakan
adalah survei korelasional. Populasi penelitian ini adalah seluruh siswa kelas X di
SMA Negeri 5 Surakarta. Sampel berjumlah 120 orang, diambil menggunakan Simple
Random Sampling. Instrumen pengumpulan data adalah tes menulis teks eksposisi,
penguasaan kalimat efektif dan angket keaktifan menulis. Teknik analisis yang
digunakan adalah teknik statistik regresi dan korelasi. Hasil analisis menunjukkan
ada hubungan positif penguasaan kalimat efektif dengan keterampilan menulis
eksposisi (ry1=0,57 taraf nyata α=0,05 dengan N=120, rt=0,177, dan t1=7,45˃tt=
1,645). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penguasaan kalimat efektif memberikan
sumbangan yang berarti (34,81%) pada keterampilan menulis teks eksposisi.


Keywords


Penguasaan kalimat efektif; keterampilan menulis eksposisi; keaktifan menulis

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26499/metalingua.v15i2.63

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