LINGUISTIC ADAPTATION IN SEVERAL LANGUAGES IN ARFAK MOUNTAINS, MANOKWARI, WEST PAPUA

Mukhamdanah .

Abstract


THE influence from one language to another can be seen through the borrowings
from another language. It is the feature of language universality. The emergence
of new vocabulary reflects the language openness to influence from another
language and the language of the receiver will develop. Such influence occurred
in four languages of Arfak mountains in Manokwari. Linguistic adaptation
occurred due to language contact amongst the speakers within the area. The
language of Biak, Mansinam, Hatam, and Mansim Borai were the subject to
study. Lexicostatistic method upon two hundred vocabularies of each language
was used to determine the relationship among those languages. Sound changes
upon the sets of cognate words or sets of words assumed to derive from the same
source show the occurrence of linguistic adaptation as the result of language
contact. Linguistic adaptation found was prothesis, epenthesis, paragoge,
aphaeresis, syncope, apocope, and sound variations in the four languages. The
most linguistic adaptation occurred was sound variations, prothesis, aphaeresis,
and apocope. The highest percentage of linguistic adaptation was found in Biak
language and Mansinam language and between Mansim Borai language and
Hatam language.


Keywords


speakers, language contact, acculturation, linguistic adaptation

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26499/metalingua.v13i2.5

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