MODALITY IN TORAJA LANGUAGE

Jusmianti Garing

Abstract


TORAJA language is still being used nowadays by the people in daily communication
among them. Toraja language is known as the language that has a lot of linguistic
features and it is very interesting to study further, so it can contribute to knowledge
regarding language in general and Toraja language specifically. Furthermore, the
linguistic features in Toraja language has many implied meanings that are used as
guidelines in their lives and a manifestation of Toraja people who owns high ethics and
unique culture. Based on such argument, this writing aims to describe one of language
features in Toraja language, namely modality systems. This is descriptive qualitative
study using literature study. Such method aims to find detail and complete data. Moreover,
this writing is analysing Toraja discourses that contain folklore, fable, and sage. The
result shows that modality forms in Toraja are marked by auxiliary verbs, particles,
and negations. The auxiliary verbs are la-, innang,bela, and maqdin. Particles are
bang, omi, sia, and suffixes –ri, –ra –mi,-mo-, and –pa. Negations are taeq,daq, and
tang. All of the forms function as epistemic and deontic modality.


Keywords


modality, qualitative method, Toraja language

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26499/metalingua.v12i1.41

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