THE GENETIC RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MA’ANYAN AND MALAGASY (HUBUNGAN KEKEKERABATAN BAHASA MA’ANYAN DAN BAHASA MALAGASI)

Hendrokumoro Hendrokumoro, I Gede Bagus Wisnu Bayu Temaja

Abstract


Abstract
This writing aimed to identify the relationship between Ma’anyan and
Malagasy languages. Several related studies have been conducted but
still leave some aspects that have not been studied before; this writing
was conducted to address those aspects. This writing examined the
lexicostatistics and glottochronology between Ma’anyan and Malagasy,
the sound correspondence sets of both languages, and sound changes that
occur in both languages. The data was collected via interviews, documented by note-taking and recording techniques. The data were analyzed by implementing lexicostatistics and glottochronology techniques to identify quantitative evidence. Meanwhile, sound correspondence and sound changes were applied to identify qualitative evidence. The results reveal that, in lexicostatistics, the cognate percentage of both languages is 37%. By glottochronology calculation, the two languages split from their protolanguage between 273 BC - 94 CE (2018). Qualitatively, there are seven sets of sound correspondence and four types of sound changes found. 

Abstrak
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi hubungan kekerabatan antara bahasa Ma’anyan dan Malagasi. Penelitian terkait telah dilaksanakan, tetapi masih meninggalkan aspek yang belum diteliti sebelumnya sehingga penelitian ini dilaksanakan. Penelitian ini mengidentifikasi hasil leksikostatistik dan glotokronologi antara bahasa Ma’anyan dan Malagasi, perangkat korespondensi fonemis kedua bahasa, dan perubahan bunyi yang terjadi pada kedua bahasa. Data dikumpulkan melalui metode wawancara menggunakan teknik catat dan rekam. Data
dianalisis menggunakan teknik leksikostatistik dan glotokronologi untuk mencari evidensi kuantitatif, dan menggunakan korespondensi fonemis serta perubahan bunyi untuk mencari evidensi kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menemukan bahwa secara leksikostatistik kedua bahasa berkerabat sebesar 37%. Secara glotokronologi, kedua bahasa berpisah pada tahun 273 SM – 94 M (2018). Secara kualitatif, ditemukan tujuh perangkat korespondensi fonemis dan empat tipe perubahan bunyi.


Keywords


genetic relationship; lexicostatistics; glottochronology; sound correspondence; sound change

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26499/metalingua.v17i2.312

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