PEMBELAJARAN DENGAN PENGALAMAN LANGSUNG DAN EFIKASI DIRI MAHASISWA DALAM MENULIS KARYA ILMIAH (STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC WRITING SKILLS AND SELF EFFICACY THROUGH EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING)

Hery Yanto The, NFN Latifah

Abstract


Experiential learning is a powerful way to address the learning of academic writing skills. By relecting upon the experience of hands-on writing practices, students acquire new skills and make these skills become the part of their personal development. This mixed-method study describes the STAB Kertarajasa’s students learning of academic writing using experiential learning technique in the Indonesian Language Course. This study also tests the prediction that students’ self-eficacy in writing academic papers changed after they completed the course. Kolb’s theory of experiential learning and Bandura’s theory of self-eficacy are used to provide model for analyzing the indings. This result found that the prediction turns out to be correct, students’ self-eficacy in writing academic papers changed after they completed the course. Students were becoming more conident as they got more experiences and hands-on practices in writing academic papers.

Abstrak
Keterampilan menulis karya ilmiah dapat dikuasai oleh mahasiswa dengan pembelajaran melalui pengalaman langsung. Dengan melakukan releksi terhadap pengalaman praktik menulis, mahasiswa memperoleh keterampilan baru dan menjadikan keterampilan tersebut sebagai bagian dari perkembangan pribadi mereka. Penelitian dengan pendekatan metode gabungan ini bertujuan untuk (1) mendeskripsikan pendapat mahasiswa STAB Kertarajasa mengenai kegiatan belajar menulis karya ilmiah dengan pengalaman langsung pada mata kuliah bahasa Indonesia dan (2) membuktikan hipotesis adanya perubahan eikasi diri dalam menulis karya ilmiah setelah menempuh kuliah. Konsep Kolb mengenai pembelajaran melalui pengalaman langsung dan konsep Bandura mengenai eikasi diri dijadikan sebagai landasan teori utama untuk menganalisis temuan penelitian. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa mahasiswa mengalami perubahan eikasi diri setelah menempuh kuliah. Mahasiswa merasa lebih yakin akan kemampuannya dalam menulis karya ilmiah setelah menjalani latihan-latihan melalui pengalaman langsung selama perkuliahan.


Keywords


menulis akademik; pengalaman langsung; eikasi diri; academic writing; experiential learning; self eficacy

Full Text:

PDF

References


Amir, H. 2016. “Korelasi Pengaruh Faktor Eikasi Diri dan Manajemen Diri terhadap Motivasi

Berprestasi pada Mahasiswa Pendidikan Kimia Universitas Bengkulu”. Manajemen

Pendidikan. 4(1), pp. 336--342.

Ansori, H.R. 2016. “Hubungan Dukungan Sosial dengan Eikasi Diri dalam Menyelesaikan Tugas

Perkuliahan pada Mahasiswa Baru Teknik Arsitektur UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang”.

Skripsi Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang.

Bandura, A. 1982. Self-eficacy mechanism in human agency. American Psychologist, 37(2), 122–-

https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.37.2.122

Bonwell, C., & Eison, J. 1991. Active Learning - Creating Excitement in the Classroom, ASHEERIC

Higuer Education Report N° 1. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report. https://doi.org/

ED340272

Brame, C. J. 2016. Active Learning. Vanderbilt University Center for Teaching. https://doi.org/10.2200/

S00429ED1V01Y201207AIM018

Braun, B., Bremser, P., Duval, A.M., Lockwood, E., & White, D. (2017). What does active learning

mean for mathematician?. Notice of the AMS. 64(2), pp. 124–129 DOI: http://dx.doi.

org/10.1090/noti1472

Center for Excellence in Learning and Teaching (CELT). 2017. 226 Active Learning Techniques.

Iowa State University http://www.celt.iastate.edu/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/

CELT226activelearningtechniques.pdf

Cheung, M., & Delavega, E. 2014. Five-Way Experiential Learning Model for Social Work Education.

Social Work Education, 33(8), 1070-–1087. https://doi.org/10.1080/02615479.2014.925538

Eun, B., & Lim, H. 2009. “A Sociocultural View of Language Learning: The Importance of Meaning-

Based Instruction”. TESL Canada Journal, 27(1), 13–-26. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-

-25667-2_1

Felder, R. M., & Brent, R. 1996. Navigating the Bumpy Road to Student-Centered Instruction. College

Teaching, 44(2), 43–-47. https://doi.org/10.1080/87567555.1996.9933425

Francis, C. A., Jordan, N., Porter, P., Breland, T. A., Lieblein, G., Salomonsson, L., Langer, V. 2011.

Innovative education in agroecology: Experiential learning for a sustainable agriculture.

Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 30(1–2), 226–237. https://doi.org/10.1080/07352689.20

554497

García-Sánchez, S., & Luján-García, C. 2016. Ubiquitous knowledge and experiences to foster EFL

learning affordances. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 29(7), 1169-–1180. https://

doi.org/10.1080/09588221.2016.1176047

Hill, B. 2017. “Research into experiential learning in nurse education”. British Journal of Nursing,

(16), 932–-938. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2017.26.16.932

Khan, A., Egbue, O., Palkie, B., & Madden, J. 2017. “Active Learning: Engaging Students To

Maximize Learning in An Online Course” The Electronic Journal of e-Elearning, 15(2),

--115. https://iles.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1141876.pdf

Knutson, S. 2003.” Experiential Learning in Second-Language Classrooms”. TESL Canada Journal,

(2), 52–64. http://www.teslcanadajournal.ca/index.php/tesl/article/viewFile/948/767

Kohonen, V. 1992. Experiential Language Learning: Second Language Learning as Cooperative

Learner Education. In Nunan, D. (ed.), Collaborative language learning and teaching.

Cambridge: CUP, 14 - 39.

Kolb, D. A. 1984. Experiential Learning: Experience as the Source of Learning and Development.

In Experiential Learning (pp. 20–38). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. https://doi.

org/10.1016/B978-0-7506-7223-8.50017-4

Kolb, D.A. 2015. Experiental Learning: Experience as the Source of Learning and Development, 2nd

Edition. USA: Pearson Education.

Latifah, Hery Yanto The, dan Ary Budiyanto. 2018. “Penerapan Pengalaman Langsung Pembelajaran

Bahasa Indonesia di STAB Kertarajasa”. Makalah dipresentasikan pada Semnas “Peran

Bahasa dan Sastra dalam Menghasilkan Guru Profesional, Kreatif, dan Inspiratif di Era

Globalisasi”. Malang: Prodi Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia, Fak. Keguruan dan

Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang dan Dinas Pendidikan Kota Malang.

Lewin, L.H., & Williams, C.J. 1994. Experiential Learning: Past and Present. In Jackson, L., &

Caffarella, R.S.(ed.)Experiential Learning: A New Approach. San Fransisco: Jossey-Bass.

pp.5--16.

Lunenburg, F. C., & Irby, B. J. 2011. Instructional Strategies to Facilitate Learning. International

Journal of Educational Leadership Prepa- Ration, 1(4), 1-–12. Retrieved from http://eric.

ed.gov/?id=EJ974330

Moreno-López, I., Ramos-Sellman, A., Miranda-Aldaco, C., & Gomis Quinto, M. T. (2017).

Transforming Ways of Enhancing Foreign Language Acquisition in the Spanish Classroom:

Experiential Learning Approaches. Foreign Language Annals, 50(2), 398–409. https://doi.

org/10.1111/lan.12267

Muridan. 2009. “Urgensi Menulis bagi Mahasiswa: Releksi Atas Mata Kuliah Penulisan Naskah

Dakwah”. Jurnal Dakwah dan Komunikasi, 3(2), 312-320.

Rahmiati. 2014. “Analisis Kendala Internal Mahasiswa dalam Menulis Karya Ilmiah”. Al-Daulah.

(2), 254-269.

Rozali, Y.A. 2015. “Hubungan Eikasi Diri Akademik dan Dukungan Sosial Orangtua dengan

Penyesuaian Diri Akademik pada Mahasiswa UEU Jakarta”. Jurnal Psikologi. 13(1).65--69

Ulfah, S.H. 2010. “Eikasi Diri Mahasiswa yang Bekerja pada Saat Penyusunan Skripsi”. Skripsi

Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

Zulkarnaini. 2014. “Peningkatan Kemampuan Menulis Karya Ilmiah Mahasiswa PGSD Semester 1

melalui Drill Method”. Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar, 1(2), 1--9.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26499/metalingua.v16i2.279

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal METALINGUA Indexed by:

Google Scholar Directory of Open Access JournalIndonesian Scientific Journal Database (ISJD)  Crossref Mendeley 

 

@2016 Jalan Sumbawa Nomor 11 Bandung 40113 Laman: http://balaibahasajabar.kemdikbud.go.id/

Powered by OJS, edited by donz