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POSITIVE POLITENESS STRATEGIES IN THE NOVEL "THE CLIENT": A SOCIOPRAGMATIC STUDY | Rija | Metalingua: Jurnal Penelitian Bahasa

POSITIVE POLITENESS STRATEGIES IN THE NOVEL "THE CLIENT": A SOCIOPRAGMATIC STUDY

Mustakim Rija

Abstract


IN our daily communications, politeness plays a significant role in having a good
relationship with other people. Being polite becomes very important because it helps
us to get along with them. This research is titled "Positive Politeness Strategies in the
novel "The Client":A Sociopragmatic Study." The purpose of the research is to analyze
a novel by John Grisham "The Client." The problems to analyze are the positive politeness
strategies used, the speaker's intended meaning by the speaker, and the influence of
positive politeness strategies to hearer's face. The method used in this research is
qualitative. The grand theory of this research is Positive Politeness Strategies by
Penelope Brown and Stephen C Levinson (1987). The context theory is taken from
the theory of McManis et al. (1987) dealing with physical context, epistemic context,
linguistic context, and social context. Some other theories are also used to support the
main theories. The result of this research shows that there are 11 positive politeness
strategies used in the novel. The most dominant strategies used are the use of using ingroup
identity markers, the most common speaker's intended meaning used is invitation,
and the most frequently used of the influence of positive politeness strategies to the
hearer's face is as Face Saving Act (FSA).

 

Abstrak
DALAM komunikasi keseharian kita kesantunan memainkan peranan penting
dalam membina hubungan baik dengan orang lain. Santun itu menjadi sangat
penting dalam membantu kita berhubungan baik dengan mereka. Penelitian ini
berjudul "Positive Politeness Strategies in the novel "The Client":A Sociopragmatic
Study." Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis penggunaan strategi
kesantunan positif pada sebuah novel karya John Grisham yang berjudul "The
Client." Masalah yang diteliti adalah strategi kesantunan yang digunakan oleh
penutur, makna tuturan dari penggunaan strategi-strategi kesantunan positif,
dan pengaruh strategi kesantunan positif terhadap wajah petutur. Adapun metode
yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode kualitatif. Teori utama yang
digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah teori kesantunan Penelope Brown dan
Stephen C Levinson (1987). Adapun teori untuk konteks, digunakan dari McManis
et al. (1987) yang berhubungan dengan konteks fisik, konteks epistemik, konteks

linguistik, dan konteks sosial. Beberapa teori lain pun digunakan untuk
mendukung teori utama. Hasil analisis dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa
terdapat 11 strategi kesantunan positif dalam novel ini. Strategi yang paling
dominan adalah strategi penggunaan penanda identitas kelompok, makna
tuturan yang paling banyak digunakan adalah ajakan, dan pengaruh strategi
kesantunan positif terhadap wajah si petutur yang paling sering digunakan
adalah untuk menyelamatkan wajah si petutur.


Keywords


Strategi kesantunan positif, makna penutur, makna petutur; Positive politeness strategies, speaker's meaning, hearer's meaning

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26499/metalingua.v14i2.197

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